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7-Segment Display

Visitor Counter Circuit

Hey guys! Today in this blog, I am going to tell you guys that how to make Visitor Counter Using 7 Segment Display and LDR. It is a very simple and best project to make, you can count the objects using this project. It can be used to count the objects and also you can make this project at a cheap price you need just some simple electronic components just like 7 Segment Display LDR and Johnson counter IC.

Visitor Counter Circuit Using 7 Segment Display and LDR

What is Counter?

A digital visitor counter or an Object counter is necessary to count how many people entered into a specific area or a how many items are generated in a firm. The automatic visitor counter is a simple electronic circuit which is totally based on the analog and digital circuit because it has some part analog and some part is digital(7 segment Display) in analog the main part is LDR sensor which is the sensing element for any object.

It is a simple and innovative project and it can be applied to science fair project for Electronic and Robotics students.

visitor counter using 7 segment

How does a Visitor Counter Circuit using 7 Segment works?

It can simply be done by this circuit, a light reference and a light sensor are used to detect the person and display the count using seven segment display with the help of 4026. The light reference and the light sensor placed in such a way that the visitor will cross the light path when he enters the hall.

Circuit Diagram:

Visitor Counter Circuit Using 7 Segment Display and LDR 

Circuit Diagram of Counter

Visitor Counter Using 7 Segment Display and LDR Circuit Diagram

IC 4026:

IC 4026

Internal Construction Of IC 4026:

Circuit Diagram of Counter
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Timing Diagram Of IC 4026:

Circuit Working of Visitor Counter Circuit using 7 Segment :

    • The light source from the torch is continually hit on the LDR if so the resistance of LDR is too low and the voltage drop across LDR and ground is less than 0.6V then
    • The threshold voltage 0.6V can be set by varying the POT 10K
    • When a person or an object is passed between the light beams light will not hit on the LDR so the resistance of LDR becomes high.
    • We have V=IxR (Voltage = Current X Resistance) i.e., the resistance of LDR is the high voltage across LDR become high.
    • If the voltage across Light Depending Resistor exceeds to 0.6V then the transistor will ON and start conducting When the transistor is ON, the potential at point A becomes LOW and when the transistor becomes OFF, the potential at a will be HIGH.
    • As soon as the person crosses the light beam a LOW and HIGH voltage transition occurs at the point A.
    • Which is given to the Clock of 4026IC, it will start to count with the clock and display on 7- segment display 4026 will increment the count when each person enters the room.

 

https://www.videosprofitnetwork.com/watch.xml?key=84023bfeee863e70ba7359105d0725b0

Also Read: How to Interface IR Sensor with Arduino Ultimate GUIDE

The output of Visitor Counter Project using 7 Segment and LDR:

Also See: List of Latest 500+ Final Year Projects For Electronics

Importance and Applications of Visitor Counter Circuit Using 7 Segment:

  • Automatic Entry Counter Circuits are used to count the items that are manufactured in any industry.
  • They are used to find how many people are entered into the specific area (House, Malls, Factory).
  • They are used to count how many people leave the specific area and they are able to send this data to the PC with the help of some Micro-Controllers.

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Also, Check:

  1. Make Very Easy IR Remote Tester Project | Control LEDs on Remote |
  2. What is Arduino Micro-controller? And How to Learn Arduino

  3. Line Following Robot Using IR Sensors and Arduino Uno

  4. Make Simple Arduino Based Calculator Project Using Keypad
  5. How to Make Arduino Based Radar Project
  6. How to Interface Ultrasonic Sensor (HCSR04) with Arduino
  7. How To Test a Relay with a Multimeter 

This is all about Visitor Counter Using 7 Segment Display and LDR. If you like our article then do not forget to share and comment below. If you have built this project give us feedback and share your project picture down below. and if you feel any query about Visitor Counter Using 7 Segment Display and LDR. then comment below.

How to Interface Ultrasonic Sensor (HCSR04) with Arduino Easy Steps

This article “Interfacing of Ultrasonic Sensor with Arduino” is updated in 2020.

Today, In this tutorial we will learn about the Ultrasonic Sensor Arduino Code and How you can Interface Ultrasonic Sensor (HCSR04) with Arduino. A few days ago, I have posted a complete tutorial on What is Arduino and How you can learn Arduino, and later I have posted different projects on Arduino For Example Line Following Robot, Arduino Based Calculator, Arduino Based Radar System. Those posts were very good and I got the good response, so I thought today let’s interface Ultrasonic Sensor to the Arduino.

So, today I am gonna show you the complete guide on How to Interface Ultrasonic Sensor (HCSR04) with Arduino in a few easy steps.

How to Interface Ultrasonic Sensor with Arduino:

What is Ultrasonic Sensor

An Ultrasonic Sensor is an Electronic device which is used to measure a distance of an object using Sound Waves. Its working principle is very simple; it sends out a sound wave at very high-frequency range (Ultrasonic range of > 40KHz) and waits for it to bounce back from the object. As shown in the figure below. Then, the time duration between transmission of the sound wave and receiving of the sound wave is used to calculate the distance.

The formula for the Distance is = (Speed of sound wave * Time delay) / 2

Here you can see we have divided the distance formula by 2 this is because the sound waves travel from the transmitter and back to the receiver which doubles the actual distance.

Ultrasonic Sensor

working of Ultrasonic Sensor

Ultrasonic Sensor HCSR04 is Consist of:

Ultrasonic Sensor HCSR04 is a simple electronic sensor which basically is used for measuring the distance between the sensor itself and any obstacle in front of it. The sensor has a sender and a receiver on it.
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This sensor consists of four pins, which are:

  • Vcc (+5V): Ultrasonic Sensor requires +5V to work perfectly.
  • Trig (Trigger): This is the important pin because we have to provide trigger Pin after which this ultrasonic sensor emits ultrasonic sound waves.
  • Echo: This is also very important pin, it is used When Ultrasonic waves emitted from the transmitter, hit some object then they get bounced back and then those waves are received by the receiver and at that moment this echo Pin goes HIGH.
  • GND: The GND is used to complete the circuit, we need to provide ground to HC-SR04 Ultrasonic Sensor.

Interfacing of Ultrasonic Sensor With Arduino:

Now As we have Covered and understood the working of the Ultrasonic sensor, so we have some knowledge about what we need to do in order to get the values from the Ultrasonic sensor. Let’s now have a look at Interfacing of Ultrasonic Sensor with Arduino.

  1. First of all, we need to generate an electronic signal of 10Us (microsecond) and then send it over to trigger pin of Ultrasonic Sensor.
  2. After sending the trigger pin we then need to read the echo pin and wait for it to get HIGH.

For Example: if the object is 6 cm away from the sensor, and the speed of the sound is 0.034 cm/µs the sound wave will need to travel about 176 microseconds. But what you will get from the Echo pin will be double that number because the sound wave needs to travel forward and bounce backward.

So in order to get the distance in cm, we need to multiply the received travel time value from the echo pin by 0.034 and divide it by 2. This is illustrated in the figure below.

  1. Once the ECHO pin goes HIGH then we need to count the time for how long it remained HIGH.
  2. On the basis of this time, we are going to calculate the distance of the object from the ultrasonic sensor.

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interface ultrasonic sensor

Mathematical Calculation of Ultrasonic Sensor using Arduino

Components required for the Connection of Ultrasonic Sensor with Arduino:

    https://www.videosprofitnetwork.com/watch.xml?key=84023bfeee863e70ba7359105d0725b0

  • Ultrasonic Sensor HCSR04
  • Arduino UNO Board
  • Breadboard and Jump Wires
Components required for Interfacing of Ultrasonic Sensor with Arduino

Components required for Interfacing of Ultrasonic Sensor with Arduino

Circuit Diagram of Connection of Ultrasonic Sensor with Arduino:

The connection is very easy, do not get confused and if you feel any query feel free to comment below. I will make sure to explain it as soon as possible.

Circuit Diagram of Interfacing Ultrasonic Sensor with Arduino

Circuit Diagram of Interfacing Ultrasonic Sensor with Arduino

Ultrasonic Sensor Arduino Code:

/*


* Ultrasonic Sensor HC-SR04 and Arduino Tutorial

*

* Crated by Sohail Anwar,

* www.studentsheart.com

*

*/

// defines pins numbers

const int trigPin = 12;

const int echoPin = 11;

// defines variables

long duration;

int distance;

void setup() {

pinMode(trigPin, OUTPUT); // Sets the trigPin as an Output

pinMode(echoPin, INPUT); // Sets the echoPin as an Input

Serial.begin(9600); // Starts the serial communication

}

void loop() {

// Clears the trigPin

digitalWrite(trigPin, LOW);

delayMicroseconds(2);

// Sets the trigPin on HIGH state for 10 micro seconds

digitalWrite(trigPin, HIGH);

delayMicroseconds(10);

digitalWrite(trigPin, LOW);

// Reads the echoPin, returns the sound wave travel time in microseconds

duration = pulseIn(echoPin, HIGH);

// Calculating the distance

distance= duration*0.034/2;

// Prints the distance on the Serial Monitor

Serial.print("Distance: ");

Serial.println(distance);

*/ visit:www.Studentsheart.com/

}

Note: If you want to display the results from the HCSR04 Ultrasonic Sensor on an LCD you can use the following source code:

Also Read: How to Interface IR Sensor with Arduino Step by Step GUIDE

Circuit Diagram for Interfacing Ultrasonic Sensor with LCD:

Circuit Diagram for Interfacing Ultrasonic Sensor with LCD:

Circuit Diagram for Interfacing Ultrasonic Sensor with LCD

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Ultrasonic Sensor Arduino Code with LCD:

/*

* Ultrasonic Sensor HC-SR04 and Arduino Tutorial

*

* Crated by Sohail Anwar,

* www.studentsheart.com

*

*/

// defines pins numbers

#define trigPin 12

#define echoPin 13




#include <LiquidCrystal.h>




// initialize the library with the numbers of the interface pins

LiquidCrystal lcd(7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2);




void setup()

{

lcd.begin(16, 2);

pinMode(trigPin, OUTPUT);

pinMode(echoPin, INPUT);

lcd.setCursor(1,0);

lcd.print("Distance=");

}




void loop()

{

long duration, distance;

digitalWrite(trigPin, LOW); // Added this line

delayMicroseconds(2); // Added this line

digitalWrite(trigPin, HIGH);

delayMicroseconds(10); // Added this line

digitalWrite(trigPin, LOW);

duration = pulseIn(echoPin, HIGH);

distance = (duration/2) / 29.1; // conversion in cm

lcd.setCursor(11,0);

lcd.print(distance); //output on lcd in centimeter

lcd.setCursor(14,0);

lcd.print("cm");

}

Once you’ve uploaded the code, and if you do not know how to upload the code visit my this post Learn Arduino, the board will begin to transmit data to the computer. You will see Tx LED on the Arduino blinking each time it transmits a data it means the data is transmitted from the Ultrasonic Sensor.

Now click on Serial Monitor and see the values of Distance measured by Ultrasonic Sensor HCSR04, you’ll see the distance is displayed. This is all about How to Interface Ultrasonic Sensor (HCSR04) with Arduino Easy Steps.

If you need any further help please feel free to leave a comment below. And do not forget to share this post on your Facebook let your friends know your work.

Final Year Projects For Electronics 2020

Hey in this article, we will give you the latest “Final Year Projects for Electronics”  which will help you in your thesis and project work.

While researching on topic “Final Year Projects for Electronics Engineering” we found a number of best projects that are not known to many Electrical or Electronic engineering student. So we have collected the list of best electronics projects from various resources and listed them down below.

You may get the desired project for your theses or project, also you can get best ideas for your final year project if you are interested,  and if you have any suggestions, comments, or new electronics projects ideas then comment down below.

Latest Final Year Projects for Electronics

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IOT Based Electronics Project:

Internet of Things (IOT)

Photo Credit: Busy.org

  1. Automatic Street Lighting system using IoT
  2. Smart Building Project using PIR 
  3. Smart Water Monitoring System using IoT
  4. Automatic Smart Parking System using IoT
  5. IoT based Home Automation
  6. IoT based Biometrics
  7. Motion Controlled Servos using IoT
  8. IoT Vehicle Simulation System
  9. IoT using Raspberry Pi for weather monitoring
  10. Weather Monitoring System using IoT 
  11. Smart Irrigation System using IoT
https://www.videosprofitnetwork.com/watch.xml?key=84023bfeee863e70ba7359105d0725b0

Embedded System Electronics Projects:

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Note List Down Below is in Ascending order
  1. Automated Railway Crossing
  2. Automatic Solar Tracker
  3. Automatic Dialing to Any Telephone Using I2C Protocol on Detecting Burglary
  4. Automatic irrigation System on Sensing Soil Moisture Content
  5. Automatic Surveillance Camera Panning System from PC
  6. Auto Intensity Control of Street Lights
  7. Arduino Based RADAR Project
  8. Auto Metro Train to Shuttle Between Stations
  9. Automatic Bell System for Institutions
  10. Arduino Based Simple Calculator
  11. Automatic Wireless Health Monitoring System in Hospitals for Patients
  12. Beacon Flasher Using Microcontroller
  13. Bidirectional Rotation of an Induction Motor with a Remote Control Device
  14. BLDC Motor Speed Control with RPM Display
  15. Cell Phone Based DTMF Controlled Garage Door Opening System
  16. Cell Phone Controlled Robotic Vehicle
  17. Closed Loop Control for a Brushless DC Motor to Run at the Exactly Entered Speed
  18. Cyclo Converter Using Thyristors
  19. Density Based Traffic Signal System
  20. Detecting Power Grid Synchronization Failure on Sensing Frequency or Voltage Beyond Acceptable Range
  21. DTMF Based Load Control System
  22. Discotheque Light Stroboscopic Flasher
  23. Dish Positioning Control by IR Remote
  24. Display of Dialed Telephone Numbers on Seven Segment Displays
  25. Distance Measurement by Ultrasonic Sensor
  26. Fire Fighting Robotic Vehicle
  27. Flash Flood Intimation Over GSM Network
  28. Four Quadrant DC Motor Speed Control with Microcontroller
  29. FACTs (flexible ac transmission) by TSR
  30. FACTs by SVC (flexible ac transmission)
  31. GSM Based Energy Meter Reading with Load Control
  32. GSM Based Monthly Energy Meter Billing via SMS
  33. Home Automation System
  34. [adsforwp id=”3713″]
  35. Integrated Energy Management System Based on GSM Protocol with Acknowledgement Feature
  36. IR Controlled Robotic Vehicle
  37. IR Obstacle Detection to Actuate Load
  38. Industrial Battery Charger by Thyristor Firing Angle Control
  39. Industrial Power Control by Integral Cycle Switching without Generating Harmonics
  40. Lamp Life Extender by ZVS (Zero Voltage Switching)
  41. Life Cycle Testing of Electrical Loads by Down Counter
  42. Microcontroller Based Line Following Robotic Vehicle
  43. Design and Implementation of Metal Detector Robotic Vehicle
  44. Automatic Door Opening System with Movement Sense
  45. Networking of Multiple Microcontrollers
  46. Microcontroller based Non-Contact Tachometer
  47. Object Counter with 7 Segment Display using Microcontroller
  48. Object Detection using Ultrasonic Sensor
  49. Obstacle Avoidance Robotic Vehicle
  50. Optimum Energy Management System
  51. Predefined Speed Control of BLDC Motor
  52. Solar Powered Auto Irrigation System
  53. Solar Powered LED Street Light with Auto Intensity Control
  54. Speed Checker to Detect Rash Driving on Highways
  55. Speed Control Unit Designed for a DC Motor
  56. Speed Synchronization of Multiple Motors in Industries
  57. Stamp Value Calculator for Postage Needs
  58. Sun Tracking Solar Panel
  59. Secret Code Enabled Secure Communication Using RF Technology
  60. Solar mobile charger
  61. Smart Traffic Light System
  62. Security System Using Smartcard Technology
  63. Security System With User Changeable Password
  64. Sine Pulse Width Modulation
  65. SVPWM Space Vector Pulse Width Modulation
  66. Synchronized Traffic Signals
  67. Touch Screen Based Home Automation System
  1. Touch Screen Based Industrial Load Switching
  2. Touch Screen Based Remote Controlled Robotic Vehicle for Stores Management
  3. Tampered Energy Meter Information Conveyed to Concerned Authority by Wireless Communication
  4. Theft Intimation of the Vehicle Over SMS to Owner Who Can Stop the Engine Remotely
  5. Three Phase Solid State Relay with ZVS
  6. Thyristor Controlled Power for Induction Motor
  7. Thyristor Power Control by IR Remote
  8. TV Remote Operated Domestic Appliances Control
  9. Ultra Fast Acting Electronic Circuit Breaker
  10. Underground Cable Fault Distance Locator
  11. Unique Office Communication System Using RF
  12. Using TV Remote as a Cordless Mouse for the Computer
  13. War Field Spying Robot with Night Vision Wireless Camera
  14. Wireless message Communication Between Two Computers
Embedded System

Photo Credit: Electronicsweekly.com

Matlab Based Electronics Projects:

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  1. Fingerprint Recognition
  2. Face Recognition
  3. Signature Recognition
  4. Ear Recognition
  5. Gait Recognition
  6. Age Estimation
  7. Writeprint Recognition
  8. Finger-Knuckle-Print Recognition
  9. Hand Geometry Recognition
  10. Palm Vein Recognition
  11. Speech Emotion Recognition
  12. Facial Gender Recognition
  13. Retina Recognition
  14. Keystroke Recognition
  15. 3D Face Recognition
  16. Infrared Face Recognition
  17. EEG Recognition
  18. ECG Recognition
  19. Speech Recognition
  20. Speaker Recognition
  21. Iris Recognition
  22. Facial Expression Recognition
  23. Palmprint Recognition
  24. Writer Recognition
  25. Fingerprint Classification
  26. Face Identification Based on DCT and Neural Networks
  27. Face Recognition Based on Wavelet and Neural Networks
  28. Text-Independent Speaker Recognition Based on ANN
  29. Assembler-based Neural Network Simulator
  30. Image Compression With Neural Networks
  31. Iris Recognition Based on Neural Networks
  32. Neural Networks Based Signature Recognition
  33. Leaf Recognition System
  34. OCR Optical Character Recognition
Note: All above MATLAB projects are available at advancedsourcecode

RFID Based Electronics Projects:

  1. RFID Based Attendance System. [With Front End]
  2. ERFID Based Security Authentication System
  3. RFID Based Parcel Tracing System
  4. RFID Based Animal Tracking System
  5. RFID Based Ration Card
  6. RFID R/W Based Prepaid Energy Meter
  7. RFID Based Car Parking System
  8. RFID Based Reservation System
  9. Autonomous Navigation Of RFID Sensing Robots
  10. RFID Based Banking System.
  11. Library Management System Using RFID
  12. RFID Based Door Locking System
  13. RFID Based ATM System
  14. RFID Based National Card/ Passport System
  15. RFID Based N.G.O./Student Bus Pass Id System
  16. RFID Based Security System For Mining Industries [With Front End]
  17. Examination Room Guide Using RFID For The Jumbling System Based Exams
  18. Bus Location Announcement System
  19. RFID Based Highway Toll Collection
  20. Development Of An Embedded System Using RFID Based Security System

Electronics Projects on Robotics:


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  1. Artificial intelligence, fuzzy logic, neural networks
  2. Wireless AI based mobile robot for multi-specialty operations
  3. Wireless AI based firefighting robot for relief operations
  4. Wireless AI based intelligent-robot for materials handling
  5. Integrated rule-based control of robot using fuzzy system & Neural Networks
  6. Ai based firefighting robot for relief operations
  7. Ai based intelligent-robot for materials handling
  8. Firefighting robotic vehicle
  9. Gesture-Based Robotics
  10. Mobile Robotics 
  11. Voice Controlled Robotics
  12. Sensor Guided Robotics
  13. Bluetooth Robotics 
  14. Swarm Robotics
  15. Ai based mobile robot for multi-specialty operations
  16. Industrial security robot with motion detection system
  17. Microcontroller controlled robot arm for paint spraying
  18. Production monitoring robot
  19. Two-axis robot with artificial intelligence
  20. Three-axis robot with artificial intelligence
  21. Four-axis robot with artificial intelligence
  22. Five-axis robot with artificial intelligence
  23. Wireless industrial security robot
  24. ROBOTIC ARM INTERFACING WITH PC/MCU/ IR/RF
  25. HYDRAULIC LIFT
  26. LINE FOLLOWER OR TRACING ROBOT
  27. AUTOMATED WALKING ROBOT
  28. DIGITAL SPEED MEASUREMENT SYSTEM FOR AUTOMOBILE
  29. LIFT CONTROL USING PC AND MCU
  30. ESCALATOR LIFT USING PC & MCU
  31. PATHFINDER MOBILE ROBOT
  32. MULTILEVEL CAR PARKING LIFT USING MCU
  33. AUTOMATIC RAILWAY CROSSING GATE CONTROLLER
  34. AUTO REJECTION + CONVEYER BELT SYSTEM
  35. AUTO JACK MACHINE
  36. AUTO BRACK SYSTEM FOR AUTOMOBIL
  37. PADDLE CONTROLLED WASHING MACHINE
  38. HYDROELECTRICITY
  39. WIND ELECTRICITY
  40. ELECTRICITY FROM SPEED BREAKER
  1. SOLAR SUN SEEKER
  2. ROBOTIC CRANE WITH UP/DOWN & CIRCULAR MOTION
  3. Alive human detector robot with counter using wireless pc interfacing
  4. Microcontroller based surveillance robot for a military application
  5. Pc controlled the wireless robot using RF module with feedback sensor to detect fire.
  6. Pole Climbing robot

Electrical Engineering Based Electronics Projects:


  1. Noiseless speed control of dc motor using PWM converter
  2. Remote control of ac / dc motor with parameter monitoring
  3. Dual control of electrical devices through computer keyboard and Hardware
  4. Substation monitoring system – electrical transmission and distribution Process
  5. Electrical network automation & communication systems
  6. Remote data monitoring & data analysis for a power station
  7. Remote on / off of an ac / dc motor
  8. Remote on/off controller for ac motors with parameter monitoring
  9. Remote speed control of ac / dc motor
  10. Remote switching system for home appliances
  11. Postpaid electricity billing automation
  12. Power sharing of a transformer with overload protection
  13. EB theft monitoring and control system
  14. Artificial intelligent solar tracking system with a true graph & pc interface
  15. Petrol level indicator

FPGA Based Electronics Projects:


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  1. Face detection using eigenfaces on FPGA board
  2. VHDL robot
  3. The digital clock on seven segment display using FPGA
  4. Gesture robot using fpga
  5. VHDL based rf controlled the robot
  6. Remote controlled a robot in vlsi
  7. VHDL based visitor counter
  8. VHDL based temperature monitoring using tmp175 sensor
  9. Voltmeter using VHDL
  10. Water level indicator using a rotary switch
  11. Wireless alert system using gsm modem
  12. Intelligent car parking system
  13. lFan temperature control using FPGA
  14. Mobile controlled devices
  15. Robotic ARM
  16. Mobile controlled a robotic arm
  17. Optical fiber losses measurement
  18. VGA name display using a spartan kit
  19. Time-based controlling devices
  20. Prepaid energy meter
  21. GSM security system using FPGA and GSM modem
  22. Temperature monitoring on VGA screen  using FPGA
  23. Transformer overheat detection with control
  24. VHDL based GSM home security using SMS Alert
  25. DTMF based password security
  26. VHDL based Viterbi decoder
  27. VHDL based image encryption
  28. VLSI based door security system
  29. Stepper motor speed control and display on LCD
  30. Wireless dc motor control
  31. VHDL based I2C
  32. VHDL based UART serial protocol
  33. VHDL based Ethernet card
  34. VHDL based DMA
  35. Android-based wireless device control with touch sensor
  36. Keyboard interface with password access
  37. Graphical LCD based device control with touchscreen

Wearable Technology based Electronics Project:


  1. Wearable video display
  2. Smart jacket for bikers
  3. Wearable health monitoring glove (view project details)
  4. Smart-Watch using Raspberry Pi
  5. Smart bike display
  6. Wearable wristband with pulse sensor

AVR Based Electronics Projects:


  1. Gesture Robot using ATMEGA 8
  2. Bluetooth device Controlled Using ATmega AVR
  3. Solar based mobile irrigation System
  4. Bio-gas based Electrical generator
  5. Solar based Industrial production Plant
  6. Solar energy Based Intelligent UPS inverter with SMS feedback
  7. DC motor speed control using PI controller
  8. Electricity theft Detection with wireless RF or SMS monitoring
  9. Electricity Meter tempering security with GSM modem
  10. Electricity Theft detection
  11. Traffic Light ambulance with RF accident Security
  12. MISC Electronics Projects:

Credits: SkyfilabsElprocusThesis123CrazyengineersElectronicsprojectsludhiana

Also Read:

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  1. How to Make Arduino Based Radar Project Using Ultrasonic Sensor
  2. Make Simple Arduino Based Calculator Project Using Keypad
  3. Visitor Counter Using 7 Segment Display and LDR 
  4. Line Following Robot using Arduino Uno
  5. How to Interface Ultrasonic Sensor (HCSR04) with Arduino

If you like our post “Final Year Projects for Electronics” then share this post with your friends and let them know about these interesting project and also do not forget to comment if you have any idea related to final year projects. feel free to comment down below if you find any difficulty.

How to interface ir sensor with arduino

How to IR Sensor Interfacing with Arduino Code

In this post, we will learn How to Interface IR Sensor with Arduino. It’s is one of the most commonly used sensor and it is used for multiple purposes such as Line following Robot, Obstacle avoiding Robot, Controlling LEDs with IR Sensor, color detection, fire detection, etc.

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So Today we are going to cover step by step guide on How to Interface Infrared Sensor with Arduino.

Interfacing of IR Sensor with Arduino

What is IR Sensor?

An Infrared sensor or commonly known as IR Sensor is an electronic device, used to sense the heat of an object and motion of an object. Basically, an IR Sensor can detect Infrared radiation that is not visible with naked eyes. A body when heated radiates infrared light which can be detected by IR Sensor.
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IR Sensor is consist of two circuits, IR transmitter, and IR receiver. In the transmitter section, IR LED is used and in the Reciever section, a photodiode is used. IR LED transmit Infrared light to an object and then that IR light is bounced back and IR receiver, receives that light and convert it to the electric voltage accordingly.

Picture down below shows the IR Sensor and Operation of IR Sensor.


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IR Sensor Module

WORKING OF IR SENSOR

IR Sensor Module:

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IR Sensor module is used with Arduino to detect infrared radiations that are not visible to the human eye. It is mostly used for robot obstacle avoidance, obstacle avoidance car, line count and black and white line tracking.

Also Read: What is Arduino Micro-controller? And How to Learn Arduino 

Specification of IR Sensor Module:

    1. It has a receiving range of 2 ~ 30 cm.
    2. working voltage of 3 .3 V to 5 V.
    3. working current of 1.5 mA.
    4. operating temperature range from -25 C to 85C.
https://www.videosprofitnetwork.com/watch.xml?key=84023bfeee863e70ba7359105d0725b0

IR Sensor Module Pins:

  1. +5v Source: IR sensor Module require +5v to work perfectly.
  2. Ground: In order to get operation from IR Sensor module we need to provide ground to the sensor module.
  3. OUT Pin: OUT pin is important pin it is used to connect sensor with microcontroller‘s input or output port.

Components required:

  1. Arduino Uno
  2. IR Sensor Module
  3. Jumper Wires
  4. Breadboard (Optional)

components required for ir sensor project

Let’s Interface IR Sensor with Arduino:

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The connection for Interfacing of  IR Sensor with Arduino is very easy, connect VCC of a module with Arduino 5v pin, connect the ground of module with Arduino’s Ground and connect OUT pin of a module with a 4th digital pin of Arduino.

Interface IR Sensor with arduino

Note: do not get confused if you feel any query do comment down below we will respond you as soon as possible.

Source code for Interfacing IR Sensor with Arduino

/*
Interfacing of IR Sensor with arduino code
Purpose: Turns on an LED when object is detected, else off.
copyrights: www.studentsheart.com
*/
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const int IRSensor=4;

void setup() { 
// initialize the digital pin as an output.
// Pin 13 has an builtin LED connected on most Arduino boards:
pinMode(13, OUTPUT); 
//Pin 4 is connected to the output of IR sensor
pinMode(IRSensor,INPUT);
}

void loop() {
if(digitalRead(IRSensor)==HIGH) //Check the sensor output
{
digitalWrite(13, HIGH); // set the LED on
}
else
{
digitalWrite(13, LOW); // set the LED off
}
}

Note: by varying sensor’s potentiometer you can ensure that the sensor is correctly working or not!

Just place an object in front of a sensor and observe the change in LED connected to pin 13 (Built-in Arduino’s LED). If the LED is high it means the sensor is working if the LED is low vary the potentiometer till the LED goes high.

Now remove the object and see if LED goes low it means the sensor is working correctly.

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Read More: How to Interface Ultrasonic Sensor with Arduino

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Arduino Based Radar Project

Arduino Based Radar Project Using Ultrasonic Sensor

Hey, friends in this tutorial we are going to learn and make an Arduino Based Radar Project, Basically, The Radar Project is very useful for finding an object and they are widely used in navigation based systems and also they are used in the security-based system.

Today we will cover that how we can make Arduino ultrasonic sensor project such as Radar System using Arduino. Its very simple, only you need few components and some coding. Don’t worry I have uploaded the circuit diagram and coding for this project below. Arduino based Radar Project is very simple and interesting project. But before starting project let me tell you about RADAR and RADAR Based Project.

What is Radar?


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RADAR stands for RADIO DETECTION AND RANGING. Radar is equipment which is used to detect objects using Radio Waves. It discovers and studies remote targets by sending a radio pulse within the direction of the target and receives the reflection of the wave.

what is Radar?

Radar

So what this Project Arduino Based Radar Project will perform?

This is very Simple Arduino Based Radar Project” whenever any object will come near to its range it will sense it and then it will produce output on Radar. It will indicate the presence of the object on Radar. Also, you can modify the project according to your need, you can make any type of security based system using this concept. Do whatever you want it just depends on your coding skills.
So Before Starting this Project Let me tell you what we will need to make this Project.

Components Required for Arduino Based Radar Project Using Ultrasonic Sensor:

    https://www.videosprofitnetwork.com/watch.xml?key=84023bfeee863e70ba7359105d0725b0

  • Arduino UNO
  • Ultrasonic HC-SR04
  • Servo Motor
  • Breadboard
  • Jumper Wires

Software Required:

Note:(Download these IDE’s click on the hypertext and download these IDE’s)

Why are we using these Components?


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Here we are using Arduino to control codes and perform the required objective. for example, here we are using Arduino to Perform Radar Project operation to do that we need other components like Ultrasonic Sensor which is usually used for measuring distance here it will measure distance and it will give that measured data to the Arduino, and also we are using Servo Motor basically, Servo Motor works on the angle principle it means its rotations is based on angles so it will give us rotation on different angles.
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Here we are putting the Ultrasonic sensor on the servo motor and it will move on the particular angles and whenever ultrasonic sensor will receive the signal it will send that signal to the Arduino and the Arduino will send that data to the Processing IDE which will show the visual presence of that object on RADAR. I hope it’s quite clear now.

arduino based radar system

arduino based radar system

Connect them Like this

Connections Part for Arduino Based Radar Project Using Ultrasonic Sensor:

arduino based radar system circuit

arduino based radar system

Make sure you have connected all the connections like this. After connecting all the connections like this click below and download the required files for this ARDUINO BASED RADAR Project.

Files are:

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Now Open your Arduino IDE if you don’t have then click above to download them. After download Arduino IDE open it and copy the code from Arduino Based Radar Project Code and paste it on the IDE. Then simply click on UPLOAD. Now open Processing IDE and paste the Processing code into it and then click on start.

Now place any object in front of Radar and see Processing is showing the detection of that object visually on the radar. if you have any confusion just follow this video then. I hope you have understood all the required things. if yes then I am satisfied otherwise just comment below and tell me what query you have.

Arduino Code for Arduino Based Radar Project Using Ultrasonic Sensor:

// Includes the Servo library
#include <Servo.h>.
// Defines Tirg and Echo pins of the Ultrasonic Sensor
const int trigPin = 10;
const int echoPin = 11;
// Variables for the duration and the distance
long duration;
int distance;
Servo myServo; // Creates a servo object for controlling the servo motor
void setup() {
pinMode(trigPin, OUTPUT); // Sets the trigPin as an Output
pinMode(echoPin, INPUT); // Sets the echoPin as an Input
Serial.begin(9600);
myServo.attach(12); // Defines on which pin is the servo motor attached
}
void loop() {
// rotates the servo motor from 15 to 165 degrees
for(int i=15;i<=165;i++){
myServo.write(i);
delay(30);
distance = calculateDistance();// Calls a function for calculating the distance measured by the Ultrasonic sensor for each degree

Serial.print(i); // Sends the current degree into the Serial Port
Serial.print(","); // Sends addition character right next to the previous value needed later in the Processing IDE for indexing
Serial.print(distance); // Sends the distance value into the Serial Port
Serial.print("."); // Sends addition character right next to the previous value needed later in the Processing IDE for indexing
}
// Repeats the previous lines from 165 to 15 degrees
for(int i=165;i>15;i--){
myServo.write(i);
delay(30);
distance = calculateDistance();
Serial.print(i);
Serial.print(",");
Serial.print(distance);
Serial.print(".");
}
}
// Function for calculating the distance measured by the Ultrasonic sensor
int calculateDistance(){

digitalWrite(trigPin, LOW);
delayMicroseconds(2);
// Sets the trigPin on HIGH state for 10 micro seconds
digitalWrite(trigPin, HIGH);
delayMicroseconds(10);
digitalWrite(trigPin, LOW);
duration = pulseIn(echoPin, HIGH); // Reads the echoPin, returns the sound wave travel time in microseconds
distance= duration*0.034/2;
return distance;
}

Processing Code for Arduino Based Radar Project using Ultrasonic Sensor:


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// Studentsheart.com
//Arduino Based Radar Project in 2018

//Uploaded by: Sohail Anwar

import processing.serial.*; // imports library for serial communication
import java.awt.event.KeyEvent; // imports library for reading the data from the serial port
import java.io.IOException;
Serial myPort; // defines Object Serial
// defubes variables
String angle="";
String distance="";
String data="";
String noObject;
float pixsDistance;
int iAngle, iDistance;
int index1=0;
int index2=0;
PFont orcFont;
void setup() {

size (1200, 700); // ***CHANGE THIS TO YOUR SCREEN RESOLUTION***
smooth();
myPort = new Serial(this,"COM5", 9600); // starts the serial communication
myPort.bufferUntil('.'); // reads the data from the serial port up to the character '.'. So actually it reads this: angle,distance.
}
void draw() {

fill(98,245,31);
// simulating motion blur and slow fade of the moving line
noStroke();
fill(0,4);
rect(0, 0, width, height-height*0.065);

fill(98,245,31); // green color
// calls the functions for drawing the radar
drawRadar();
drawLine();
drawObject();
drawText();
}
void serialEvent (Serial myPort) { // starts reading data from the Serial Port
// reads the data from the Serial Port up to the character '.' and puts it into the String variable "data".
data = myPort.readStringUntil('.');
data = data.substring(0,data.length()-1);

index1 = data.indexOf(","); // find the character ',' and puts it into the variable "index1"
angle= data.substring(0, index1); // read the data from position "0" to position of the variable index1 or thats the value of the angle the Arduino Board sent into the Serial Port
distance= data.substring(index1+1, data.length()); // read the data from position "index1" to the end of the data pr thats the value of the distance

// converts the String variables into Integer
iAngle = int(angle);
iDistance = int(distance);
}
void drawRadar() {
pushMatrix();
translate(width/2,height-height*0.074); // moves the starting coordinats to new location
noFill();
strokeWeight(2);
stroke(98,245,31);
// draws the arc lines
arc(0,0,(width-width*0.0625),(width-width*0.0625),PI,TWO_PI);
arc(0,0,(width-width*0.27),(width-width*0.27),PI,TWO_PI);
arc(0,0,(width-width*0.479),(width-width*0.479),PI,TWO_PI);
arc(0,0,(width-width*0.687),(width-width*0.687),PI,TWO_PI);
// draws the angle lines
line(-width/2,0,width/2,0);
line(0,0,(-width/2)*cos(radians(30)),(-width/2)*sin(radians(30)));
line(0,0,(-width/2)*cos(radians(60)),(-width/2)*sin(radians(60)));
line(0,0,(-width/2)*cos(radians(90)),(-width/2)*sin(radians(90)));
line(0,0,(-width/2)*cos(radians(120)),(-width/2)*sin(radians(120)));
line(0,0,(-width/2)*cos(radians(150)),(-width/2)*sin(radians(150)));
line((-width/2)*cos(radians(30)),0,width/2,0);
popMatrix();
}
void drawObject() {
pushMatrix();
translate(width/2,height-height*0.074); // moves the starting coordinats to new location
strokeWeight(9);
stroke(255,10,10); // red color
pixsDistance = iDistance*((height-height*0.1666)*0.025); // covers the distance from the sensor from cm to pixels
// limiting the range to 40 cms
if(iDistance<40){
// draws the object according to the angle and the distance
line(pixsDistance*cos(radians(iAngle)),-pixsDistance*sin(radians(iAngle)),(width-width*0.505)*cos(radians(iAngle)),-(width-width*0.505)*sin(radians(iAngle)));
}
popMatrix();
}
void drawLine() {
pushMatrix();
strokeWeight(9);
stroke(30,250,60);
translate(width/2,height-height*0.074); // moves the starting coordinats to new location
line(0,0,(height-height*0.12)*cos(radians(iAngle)),-(height-height*0.12)*sin(radians(iAngle))); // draws the line according to the angle
popMatrix();
}
void drawText() { // draws the texts on the screen

pushMatrix();
if(iDistance>40) {
noObject = "Out of Range";
}
else {
noObject = "In Range";
}
fill(0,0,0);
noStroke();
rect(0, height-height*0.0648, width, height);
fill(98,245,31);
textSize(25);

text("10cm",width-width*0.3854,height-height*0.0833);
text("20cm",width-width*0.281,height-height*0.0833);
text("30cm",width-width*0.177,height-height*0.0833);
text("40cm",width-width*0.0729,height-height*0.0833);
textSize(40);
text(" StudentsHeart.com ", width-width*0.875, height-height*0.0277);
text("Angle: " + iAngle +" °", width-width*0.48, height-height*0.0277);
text("Distance: ", width-width*0.26, height-height*0.0277);
if(iDistance<40) {
text(" " + iDistance +" cm", width-width*0.225, height-height*0.0277);
}
textSize(25);
fill(98,245,60);
translate((width-width*0.4994)+width/2*cos(radians(30)),(height-height*0.0907)-width/2*sin(radians(30)));
rotate(-radians(-60));
text("30°",0,0);
resetMatrix();
translate((width-width*0.503)+width/2*cos(radians(60)),(height-height*0.0888)-width/2*sin(radians(60)));
rotate(-radians(-30));
text("60°",0,0);
resetMatrix();
translate((width-width*0.507)+width/2*cos(radians(90)),(height-height*0.0833)-width/2*sin(radians(90)));
rotate(radians(0));
text("90°",0,0);
resetMatrix();
translate(width-width*0.513+width/2*cos(radians(120)),(height-height*0.07129)-width/2*sin(radians(120)));
rotate(radians(-30));
text("120°",0,0);
resetMatrix();
translate((width-width*0.5104)+width/2*cos(radians(150)),(height-height*0.0574)-width/2*sin(radians(150)));
rotate(radians(-60));
text("150°",0,0);
popMatrix();
}
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Also, Check:

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  6. Want to learn and make IR Remote tester Project Control LED on Remote.
  7. Want to learn and make Visitor Counter Using LDR and 7 Segment Display.

This is all for today I hope you guys like this project Arduino Based Radar Project using Ultrasonic Sensor if yes then comment below and share this post with your friends. Thanks for Visiting StudentsHeart.com Stay connected. Thanks!

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